Soil Areas for Forage Crops
Area 1 (Brown Soil)
Oyen, Brooks,Medicine Hat, Bow Island, Coutts
Drought tolerant species (Russian Wildrye, Altai Wildrye, Crested Wheatgrass) Alfalfa mixed with any of the previous to increase capacity
Area 2 (Dark Brown Soil)
Provost, Stettler, Hanna, Standard, Calgary, Lethbridge, Pincher Creek
Areas with less moisture – Crested Wheatgrass, Russian Wildrye, Altai Wildrye, Sweet Clover, Alfalfa
Areas with more moisture – Alfalfa, Bromegrass, Pubescent & Intermediate Wheatgrass, Timothy
Area 3 (Black Soil)
Vermillion, Vegreville, Edmonton, Lacombe, Red Deer, Olds
Winter-hardy grasses and legumes (Alfalfa, Bromegrasses)
Alsike & Red Clover, Timothy and Creeping Red Fescue
Area 4 (Gray Luvisol Soil)
Ft. Kent, Bonnyville, Lac La Biche, Westlock, Edson, Drayton Valley
Alfalfa, Alsike & Red Clover, Bromegrasses, Timothy, Creeping Red Fescue
Legumes and Forages are important for soil condition improvement.
Rotation of grain crop and forage is important.
Use of fertilizer greatly improves soil conditions.
Luvisol soil lacks Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Sulphur
Legumes = Nitrogen
Fertilizer = Phosphorus and Sulphur
Area 5 (Gray Soil)
Ft. Vermillion, Peace River, Fairview, Falher, High Prairie, Beaverlodge
Rainfall is variable with lengthy periods of drought.
Bromegrasses, Creeping Red Fescue and Alfalfa are well adapted.
Crested Wheatgrass and other dry land species are also appropriate.
Timothy and Alsike & Red Clover for areas with more moisture.
Main hay and feed crops for livestock usually include Alfalfa with Bromegrass and Orchardgrass.
Tall Fescue, Tall Wheatgrass, and Reed Canary Grass are important in land reclamation and irrigated farms.